This is where everything begins.
I begin here; all of my actions, stem from this philosophy. Why do I act? How do I act? The answers lie somewhere on this website.
This post is the main body. It’ll lead you to other posts. Go on as you wish. Follow what appeals to you.
Table of Contents
Before You Read
The obvious: I wrote them for myself. I wrote them simply & concisely & reader-friendly, for myself.
But, for your learning:
- The point is to challenge, then understand.
- The point is to read, forget, and rediscover.
At some point, you’ll be ready…and start asking the questions.
Then the answers will come…
…from the heart…
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To most people, philosophy is “a subject so complex and confusing, that there are no actual answers nor applications in the real world.”1 It’s somewhat true; philosophy has, indeed, yet to help anyone build their rocket ship.
I used to dislike philosophy. In my eyes, philosophers seemed unfit, unhappy, broke, envious, resentful, like most people…the field “looked” like a whole bunch of lies.2E.g. People who study ethics don’t act more ethically.
(Though, many questions are, indeed, interesting.4There’s nothing wrong with contemplating them!)
This whole thing covers:
They’re all influence-less…I think.5I’ve had inspirations here and there, but at the end of the day, I came up with the logic.Except, my ‘theory of knowledge’ mostly comes from David Deutsch6This might include Karl Popper.…although not mentioned in this blog.
All other subjects don’t matter to me, except ‘logic’, which I’m studying.7Logic is more mathematical than philosophical. It’s not individual progress. I won’t find anything new, on my own (like math).
0.1.2 Philosophy of Life
The philosophy of life isn’t “really” philosophy…but it’s truth.8It explains 99% of life for 99% of people.
All the philosophy leads to the philosophy of life. That’s what this is about (for me).
It’s clearly not perfect. But hey, it works.
0.1.4 How It Came About
I grew up miserable; I was always unhappy, and I was always anxious.
And I didn’t want that. I mean, would I have to keep being miserable for the rest of my life? That sucks! I was getting tired of it.
My mind wondered about it for quite a while. I read stuff on the internet, watched stuff on YouTube…over time, I found truths here and there, and recently, they’ve all come together. Not chronologically, nor backwards.9 I still have no idea how.
I didn’t realize that they were philosophical, for a long time. For one, I’ve never read a single philosophy book!
0.1.5 What It Brought
- I’ve been dealing with anxiety(doubt) every night. Not anymore.
- I was resentful about my circumstances. Not anymore.
- I had severe focusing issues.10I literally couldn’t read a single page of a book without wandering off.It’s a lot better now.
- I now have clarity in life.
- I don’t get lonely anymore.
- I got rid of emotional volatility.11Although, I was naturally calm. But, I’m definitely more relaxed.
0.1.6 “Did I Copy This Person?”
Name any person that comes to your mind. Did I copy them? Yes. Even if I don’t know them, or any of their concepts, I copied their works.
I sincerely believe that none of this is original. The ideas just came to me, and these posts just organized them.
Don’t give me any credit.
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1.1 Absolute Truths
1.1.1 Information Tree
- ‘Sensory inputs’: Information communicated by the body.
- ‘Thoughts'(idea): Information created by the mind.
- ‘Impressions’: Abstract imaginations12E.g. When I look at a book, all I see is a set of colors. Yet, there’s a concept called “books”—it’s an abstraction. Hence, I can imagine a (whole new) book in my head.; recreation13not necessarilyof sensory input14not necessarily.
- ‘Explanations'(fact/given): Descriptions of “why” to impressions.
- ‘Beliefs‘: (Currently) unfalsifiable explanations.
1.1.2 Absolute Truths
- ‘Absolute truths’ are unfalsifiable; they’re totally foundational.17They can’t be proved either; I just can’t conceive them being false–thus “absolute”.18E.g. If 1+1 were to be 3, could I comprehend that?
- 3 things are unfalsifiable: ‘math’19fundamental mathematics; axioms, at the least, ‘logic’20formal logic; deductions, at the least, ‘(my) experiences’.21Every implication about an experience may be false. Yet, the experience itself must be true.22Thoughts are also experiences.
1.1.3 What Am I?
- I am that which experiences: ‘soul’.
- ∴ I must exist.23If the experiences are true, there must be an entity that experiences the experiences.
- However, the ‘soul’ doesn’t exist within reality.24Essentially; there’s no evidence, besides my own experience (which isn’t externally provable, either).
1.2 Essential Truths
1.2.1 Parts of Reality
- Essentially, there are 2 parts to reality:
- ‘The physical’ is made up of A. Matter, B. Physics Laws.
- ‘The narrative’ is made up of A. Entities, B. Narration.
- More on
1.2.2 The Narrative & The Physical
- They coexist & correspond to each other, in different planes; neither comes first:
- ‘The narrative’ is an abstraction of the ‘physical’; it’s created/corrected upon ‘the physical’.
- However, ‘the physical’ (& its physics) isn’t absolute; it relies on induction (which isn’t absolute).25Induction that, the laws of reality stay consistent; physical reality can change (or disappear) tomorrow for an “external” reason.26Also, the induction that, reality itself will continue to exist.
- On the other hand, ‘the narrative’ is tied to the experience, which is absolutely real.
- The experience(absolute) is in the form of ‘the narrative’, based on ‘the physical'(not-absolute),
- ‘The narrative’ and ‘the physical’ are co-dependent, AND
- Like ‘the physical’, ‘the narrative’ is not-absolute, AND
- Both are necessary for reality to essentially exist.27Absolute truths lead to nothing on their own; reality doesn’t exist without ‘the narrative/physical’. Without ‘the physical’, reality doesn’t exist in the first place. Without ‘the narrative’, there’s no experience of reality, which is no different than reality not existing.
1.2.3 The Paradox, Simply:
- My “self” is made up of the physical reality, AND,
- The physical reality can be perceived and understood only through my “self”.28Perception & understanding are narrative concepts.
- ∴ ‘The physical’ and ‘the narrative’ coexist.29Via circular reasoning
1.2.4 Essential Truths
- ‘Essential truths’ are the truths of reality(narrative/physical).
- No ‘essential truth’ is absolute.30Reality itself isn’t.However, some are closer to the essence of reality.
- The truths that more accurately represent the essence of reality are more:
A. Consistent, B. Universal, C. Precise. HENCE,
- The hallmark of ‘essential truths’ is predictiveness (of reality outcomes).
- If a group of truths relies on another, that other group is more ‘essential'(closer to the essence).31E.g. Societal truths are largely human truths; the latter is “truer”.
1.2.5 Truth Spectrum
- All things that work are based on some level of truth.32Truth is what works.
- Essential truths lie on a spectrum (physical — narrative).
- Science33referring to the reductionist truths(explanations)(of “x”) tends left; Philosophy34referring to the holistic truths(explanations)(of “x”) tends right.35I.e. The philosophy of learning/businesses/manufacturing/etc. OR The science of learning/businesses/manufacturing/etc.
- Reduction vs. Abstraction
1.2.6 Science vs. Philosophy
- The closer to the physical a truth is, the more essential it tends to be.36Because the narrative is based on the physical, the more physical tends to be more essential.BUT,
- Inversely, it’s less effective in a more complex system.37The butterfly effect takes hold. With low precision, narrative truths perform better.38Narrative truths require more nuance(qualitative) than precision(quantitative).THEREFORE,
- ‘Particular knowledge’39the product of (mostly) ‘science’and ‘abstract knowledge’40the product of (mostly) ‘philosophy’are complementary.
1.2.7 Ship of Theseus
- The problem comes from merging multiple levels of abstractions.
- (Purely) Narratively,41looking at the whole,the ship remains “Theseus’s ship”.
- In reduction,42looking at the parts,the ship doesn’t stay the same.43(Purely) Physically, the ship doesn’t even exist.
2. Reality Itself
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2.1 This Reality
– 2.1.1 What is This Reality?
– 2.1.2 How “Real” is This Reality?
– 2.1.3 Sidenote: God
– 2.1.4 What is Life?
– 2.1.5 Storyline
– 2.1.6 What is The Meaning of Life?
– 2.1.7 What Do I Live For?
– 2.1.8 More On
2.1 This Reality
2.1.1 What is This Reality?
- It’s a simulation (or equivalent).44Regarding cause and effect, something must be created for it to exist. No reasonable explanation is possible without cause and effect.
- God/Human(s) created this reality.45God is a placeholder for “idk”.
- “Which one” doesn’t make a difference, essentially.46The creator of the simulation is no different than a God, from within.47I’m an omnipotent being to the simulation that I create; I can change the laws of physics in an instant, change the past, etc. How isn’t that God?48Even the only understandable purpose of creation(entertainment) is the same.
2.1.2 How “Real” is This Reality?
- From God’s(external) POV, it’s as real as a “bunch of lines of code”.
- From within, it’s as real as it can get, because it’s all there is.
2.1.3 Sidenote: God
- God: the entity that created this reality
- Absolutely, there is God (or equivalent).49Something must be created to exist.
- There is no (evidence of) God, essentially.
2.1.4 What is Life?
- Extrinsically? There is no answer to be found in this reality; there’s no information about the “outer” reality.50A sufficient evidence to an answer would be either superphysical or impossibly improbable…similar to the existence of God.
- Intrinsically? It’s a set of experiences with a storyline; It’s a story (narratively).51Physically, life doesn’t exist in the first place.
- Any action/event comes with a span of time.52“Swinging a stick” happens across a certain time frame.
- At a given moment, the past & present blend into an experience, absolutely.
- Essentially, every explanation of an event53“what’s happeninguses cause and effect.
- Physically, the cause is the past;54That’s the scientific explanationit’s a “how” question.
- Narratively, the cause is the past “and” the future(motives); it’s a “how & why” question.
- A ‘storyline’ is the narrative explanation.
2.1.6 What is The Meaning of Life?
- This is a narrative question.55“Meaning” is a narrative concept.
- It’s actually ambiguous:
- A. What is life?
- B. What’s the purpose of living?
- Nothing matters absolutely.
- ∴ I’m left with 1 question58the “real” question; the question that matters: Why should I “rather” live life? What’s in it for “me”?
2.1.7 What Do I Live For?
- As life itself has no innate significance, no event of life has an innate significance.
- That’s the point; I can choose what matters (to me), essentially.
- Intrinsically, I live for the experiences I want to experience; experiences that I find pleasing or fulfilling.
- Those experiences, with a journey(storyline) attributed, are inherently valuable (to me), because “I”59the “experiencer”; the audience of the moviefind them intriguing.
2.1.8 More On
- If there’s pleasure/fulfillment, life is good enough; I don’t need an extrinsic answer.60Why do I watch a movie?
- It’s only when the experience is unsatisfactory do I ask why.
- More on
2.2 The Self
2.2.1 My “Self”
- The ‘self’ is the thing that connects ‘reality’ & ‘soul’.61It’s the bridge between the two)It’s the body that interacts with reality.
- Physically, there is no ‘self’.
- Narratively, there is ‘self’.
- The ‘conscious’ is the reality-entity of “me”.62It’s the only un-removable part of “me”.
- Essentially, “I” am the ‘conscious’.
- It’s the part of the ‘self’ that’s connected to the soul (via consciousness).
- It’s able to be aware.63Although generally idle.
- Awareness is meta-perception; it’s perceiving the perceiving of the perceptions.64It’s not looking at the hand, but being aware of the looking at the hand.
- It has a weak(slow) processing power. However, it can override the unconscious in way of awareness.
- It can’t multitask; instead, it can expand/select the scope of awareness (and coordinating the unconscious).65I can focus on “kicking the ball” or “extending the leg”. (that’s subconscious activity)
- The ‘unconscious’ is the group of processing units performing most work.
- (With multiple units) It can multitask, as a whole.
- It functions automatically (without awareness), according to its programming.
- The ‘unconscious’, as a whole, is always active.
- It has a strong(fast) processing power.
- The ‘mind’ is the generator of thoughts.
- Mostly, it uses the unconscious’ processing power to generate ideas.66Ideas are partially-randomized connections of knowledge(stored information).
- It also creates emotional feelings, based on the unconscious’ analysis of the sensory inputs.
- The ‘body’ is the part of the ‘self’ that’s connected to reality.
- The (un)conscious sends orders to the ‘body’; the ‘body’ returns feedback(sensory inputs -> feelings).
- Thoughts/Emotions are the mechanisms that the (un)conscious uses to express itself.
- Those expressions lead to further actions, and are sent through the consciousness (paired with the sensory inputs).
2.2.7 Is there Free Will?
- Absolutely? No.67God knows what I’ll do next.68Even if somebody’s controlling from the outside, the characters themselves don’t have free will.
- Physically? No.69Physics is deterministic.
- Narratively? Yes.70I experience the making decision.71Also, reality is largely unpredictable.
2.2.8 Free Will
- Awareness is ‘free will’, narratively.
- The conscious can be aware; it can act in ‘free will’; it’s autonomous. The unconscious is the opposite.
- Only the conscious has ‘free will’; the ‘self’ without the conscious has no ‘free will’.72“I” have ‘free will’. My ‘self’ does not.
- True Free Will
2.2.9 Movie or Game
- Physically, life is neither.
- Narratively(extrinsically), life is a game.73As it seems like I have free will.However:
- The unconscious is in charge most of the time.74As it’s more powerful.
- The conscious has the capacity to reprogram the unconscious, and change the ‘self’ & its circumstances
- ∴ Life is a movie where I’m the director.75The director who creates the set and guides the actor.
- Reality is the setting, my ‘self’ is the main character, and I’m the audience.
- Life is a movie
2.2.10 More On
- The conscious ability to proactively change the ‘self’; that’s free will.
- The ability to have complete control of the movie; that’s ownership.
- Any entity that doesn’t direct its movie is an NPC; the NPC does not even have free will, narratively.76NPCs live completely reactive, predictable lives.
- The major separator between humans and animals is the presence of free will, and the potential for ownership.
3. Units of Happiness
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- ‘Feeling’ is buying into the pure sensory input and/or the narrative.
- ‘Feeling’ is both physical & emotional.77They’re both sensory experiences.
- Overall ‘feeling’ is on a pain-pleasure spectrum (- to +)
- ‘Peace’ is:
- A. When the ‘feeling’ is at 0, (no +, no -).78The default state is 0(not negative)
- B. When there are little fluctuations(conflicts) in feeling.79In frequency & magnitude.
- On Peace
3.1.3 Delight & Suffering
- They are emotional feelings.
- The mind creates them using stories of the “(un)fulfillment of desires”.80A physical pain can be interpreted into happiness or suffering.81It’s tied to the “consequential” part of ‘meaning’. (Not necessarily)
- On Desires
- The amount depends on the amount of desire.
- Most ‘delights’/’sufferings’ are totally imaginary.82They’re not even narratively real.
- More on
- Conflict is not getting what I want; it’s unfulfilled desire(s) waiting to be fulfilled.
- This is another form of feeling.
- ‘Joy’ is entertainment; the beauty of the moment.
- It’s an artistic interpretation of the physical experiences.83It’s tied to the “creative” part of ‘meaning’. (Not necessarily)
- ‘Meaning’ is buying into the stories of life; something matters.
- ‘Meaningful’ events lead to ‘meaningful’ life; ‘meaning’ in life is ‘meaning’ of life.
- Significant events that happen to/for which that matter, are ‘meaningful’.84Significant means it was creative/consequential.
- Overall sense of ‘meaning’ is on a ‘meaningless’–‘meaningful’ spectrum (0 to +).85‘Meaningful’ means: A. Something matters a lot, and B. Much significant things happen to that something.
- ‘Contentment’ is life satisfaction.
- Feeling + Meaning = Contentment86Not literal math equation
- Reality – Expectation = Perceived Contentment
- The spectrum of ‘perceived contentment’ is ‘misery’–‘happiness’ (- to +).
- Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility applies.87Repeated exposure “dulls” the misery/happiness.
- Loss Aversion applies.88Losing $10 gives more ‘misery’ than gaining $10 gives ‘happiness’.
3.1.7 Big Misery
- When contentment is (-), there’s less to live than to die.
- Depression is when life satisfaction is at its lowest.
- A. Meaninglessness + a lot of pain
- B. Absurd level of pain (physical)
- ‘Primers’ are feeling-setups for an event.89A ‘primer’ shifts the baseline emotional state towards a certain emotion.
- I have to be ‘primed’ for a feeling to experience it fully.
- ‘Primers’ are sensory inputs(music, scenery, etc.) AND/OR narratives(imagined deviations from expectations).
- Anxiety/Excitement is a sign of being narratively ‘primed’.
- Fear/Confidence exists when there’s perceived consequence(loss/gain).
- Recap: Life is ultimately about the ‘intrigue’.
- The search for ‘intrigue’ only begins with ownership; the profound desire for ‘intrigue’ only manifests itself when there’s boredom (which exists in peace).
- I don’t get to choose what I’m ‘intrigued’ by, but I get to choose which one I get after.
- Everyone is uniquely ‘intrigued’ by different things.90Even 2 people who like the same songs like different parts of it.
3.2.2 What’s intriguing?
- The less probable it seems;
- The bigger contrast there is;
- The more creative it is;
- The more unique the journey is;
- The more real it feels;
- The more romantic it is.
3.2.3 2 Parts of Intrigue
- The significance of the event (storyline);
- The beauty of the experience (sensory input).
3.2.4 In search of intrigue (opinion)
- A way to maximize (emotional) contrast is to maximize the suffering.
- However, it comes at the expense of happiness.
- Also, it’s unnecessary to create suffering, as the default human state is misery.
- Of all moments of misery, only 1 (the lowest) period of misery is relevant in the moment of happiness, in a given story.
- It’s preferable to maximize other variables.
3.2.5 In search of intrigue (opinion)
- I could try to make life more romantic by creating more romantic events.
- However, intentional romantic events aren’t as real; they’re essentially acted out.
- Also, it shifts the focus away from the results(desires), interfering with the actual outcome.
- Romantic events happen by themselves in the path of true desires, just unpredictably.
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– 4.2.1 Unconscious Programming
– 4.2.2 General Deprogramming
– 4.2.3 Equivalence
– 4.2.4 Self-Image
– 4.2.5 Attachment
– 4.2.6 Independence
– 4.2.7 More On
– 4.2.8 Escape
– 4.2.9 Deconditioning
– 4.2.10 Sacrifice
– 4.2.11 True-Self
– 4.2.12 Side note
4.1.1 Freedom: Where I “Go”
- ‘Freedom’ is freedom from restraints.
- ‘Freedom’ is the prerequisite to boundless exploration.91Restraints of the mind/body/materials/people hold me back from exploring freely.
- With ‘freedom’, my actions are externally autonomous.
- Without ‘freedom’, I might have creative places to go to but I can’t actually go anywhere.
4.1.2 More On
- A side effect of freedom is ‘peace’, as the return to baseline.92By getting rid of things to suffer from.
- Freedom = I don’t have to care about it.
- Another side effect of freedom is ‘energy’.93By not leaking them in unnecessary ways.
4.1.3 Freedom of Mind
- It’s about resolving traumas (of the past/future).
- Uncontrollable thoughts
- (Not having pain thinking about anything)
- (And also, getting off the mind, and being in the present)
4.1.4 Freedom of Body
- It’s about fixing physical problems.
- (Not having pain moving the body)
4.1.5 Financial Freedom
- It’s about developing a 0-maintenance cost.
- (Not having to worry about money)
4.1.6 Social Freedom
- (Not having/wanting to depend on anyone)
4.2.1 Unconscious Programming
- The unconscious functions (automatically) according to its ‘programming'(habits).
- As my unconscious is the main actor, the way it is ‘programmed’ determines how I think & act.
- Across my life, my unconscious has been ‘programmed’, by various motives, in ways I don’t even realize.
- It has to be ‘deprogrammed’, before ‘reprogramming’ it in the way I want.
- Talent + Programming determines outcome.
4.2.2 General Deprogramming
- Body movements94e.g. walking form, hand gestures, speaking tone, blinking frequency, etc.are habits—they can be deprogrammed.
- Simple emotional responses95to stubbing toes, broken glasses, strangled earphones, etc.are habits—they can be deprogrammed.
- Addiction is (primarily) a habit—it can be deprogrammed.
- Every action that isn’t conscious is a matter of simple habits.96If I can’t change my habits, I don’t have independence(ownership).
- The unconscious programming is in accordance with my ‘self-image’; they always try to match each other.
- For every (sensory) experience, if there are mismatches: A. The program changes to fit the ‘self-image’, AND/OR B. The’ self-image’ changes to fit the programming.
- ‘Equivalence’ doesn’t happen if either part doesn’t exist: A. Some of my habits have nothing to do with my ‘self-image’. OR, B. Some pieces of ‘self-image’ have no corresponding actions/feedback.
- All major “habits”(behaviors) are connected to the ‘self-image’.
- It’s the collection of pieces that make me who I “think” I am:
- (My) Characteristics97body, possessions, associations, knowledge, experiences, etc.+ What matters (to me)98I.e. root points → Desires / Beliefs
- (They’re “all” pieces of ‘self-image’)
- Every piece of ‘self-image’ is part of me; to an extent, they’re ‘attachments’, strong or weak.
- By equivalence, the unconscious inevitably reverts back to the ‘self-image’; reducing the ‘self-image’ is necessary to deprogram the unconscious.
- On Self-Image
- ‘Attachments’ are the pieces of ‘self-image’ that I feel the need to protect (being closely tied to me).
- They resist change.99Pieces need to be removed/added to modify the self-image; attachments refuse to be removed.
- They cause emotional volatility/vulnerability.100By having more things to protect & be happy/sad about.
- However, ‘attachments’ are necessary to create actions.101E.g. With no strong desire, why should I act?
- On Attachment
4.2.6 Independence: “Where” I Go
- ‘Independence’ is:
- Independence from influences, by
- Deprogramming the unconscious, by
- Modifying the self-image, by
- Disattaching from the (harmful, strong) attachments.
- It’s reducing the self-image down to the absolute necessary.
- With ‘independence’, my actions are internally autonomous.
- Without ‘independence’, I could go anywhere but wherever I end up going won’t be creative.
4.2.7 More On
- A side effect of independence is ‘peace’, as the reduction in fluctuations.102By getting rid of things to react to.
- Another side effect of independence is an unbiased, no-filter view of reality.103By removing distortions of attachments.
- ‘Escape’ is the escape from the ‘ego’.
- The ‘ego’ is an internal demon that craves status.104It’s the product of a strong sense of self.
- A lot of attachments stem from the ‘ego’.105Status is a “root point”
- Escape is about no longer being enslaved by the ‘ego’.
- On Ego
- ‘Deconditioning’ is deconditioning from society’s conditioning.
- A lot of attachments are ‘conditioned’ by the society(other people), by: A. Me subconsciously adopting others’ attachments, AND/OR B. Others deliberately ‘conditioning’ me into attachments.
- The main theme of these attachments: goodness
- ‘Deconditioning’ is about rejecting social conditioning.
- On Conditioning
- It’s a combination of time spent & pain(suffering).
- A lot of attachments come from ‘sacrifices’.
- They are sunk costs.
- Once, I remove all the attachments, particularly from the 3 sources, I’m left with my ‘true-self’.
- Pieces of my ‘true-self’ are the parts of me that: A. I can’t change, AND/OR B. Are unique to me.
- They are: natural interests(intrigue) / talents.106Which are similar.106
- Attachments are explainable, and once understood, they naturally go away. Then I’m down to the unexplainable: the pieces of ‘true-self’.
4.2.12 On a side note
- Programming the self-image leads to a new self; it’s creating a new character that I will direct in making a new story(chapter).
- I don’t want to create a movie with too many themes.
- I don’t want to create a character with too many unnecessary details.
4.3.1 Ownership: “Where I Go”
- ‘Ownership’ is the complete ownership of the self.
- (The movements of the body, thoughts of the mind, emotions of the heart, pathway of life, etc.)
- True Free Will
- Complete ‘ownership’ is attained via freedom & independence.
4.3.2 Potential, Peace, and Journey
- Once I completely ‘own’ myself, I have access to my full potential.107There are no limitations left within.
- Once I completely ‘own’ myself, I have peace.108Nothing involuntarily affects my feelings.
- With ‘ownership'(peace & potential), every (even the negative) experience will be voluntary and enjoyable.109In the macro, under the umbrella of a story.
- ‘Self-awareness’ is an absolute necessity; ownership is impossible without ‘self-awareness’.110Understanding opens the path towards ownership.
- The deeper the ‘self-awareness’, the more robust it is.
- It’s a product of self-examination.
- ‘Clarity’ is a byproduct of self-awareness.
- I know who I am;111What I want, What I have, etc. I know what I’m doing; I know why; I know how.
- It directly leads to potential & peace by:
- Having an ultra-clear, concentrated desire (knowing what I want), AND
- Having awareness of the present (knowing what I’m doing)
- Confusion, on the other hand, leads to paralysis/anxiety.
4.4.5 Towards Ownership
- All pillars of ownership (financial freedom, escape, etc.) are connected to each other; improving one leads to another; the concepts overlap.112E.g. Having freedom of mind helps with attaining social freedom; physical state affects mood.
- Ownership Progress Bar: (0 — Complete); ownership comes in gradual changes.
- The path towards freedom is characterized by: a sustained period of effort, followed by low maintenance.
- The path towards independence is characterized by: constant realizations and renouncements.
- Ownership, in general, comes with the direct modifications of self-image (by various techniques), and unconscious programming (by habituations).
- Above all, desire is the most powerful force of change.
5. Morality & Ethics
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5.1 Morality (Individual)
– 5.1.1 Good or Bad
– 5.1.2 What Morality is About
– 5.1.3 Who Matters
– 5.1.4 Association
– 5.1.5 Sympathy
– 5.1.6 Selfishness
– 5.1.7 Levels of Experience
– 5.1.8 Ultimate Desires
– 5.1.9 Prioritized Entities
5.1 Morality (Individual)
5.1.1 Good or Bad
- Good/Bad ≈ Desirable/Undesirable
- Something is as good as it fulfills desires.
- ∴ Morality is fundamentally a personal preference.
5.1.2 What Morality is About
- Morality isn’t only about me; it’s about the interactions between entities.113Morality doesn’t exist with 1 entity.
- Specifically, it’s about fulfilling the desires of those that matter.
5.1.3 Who Matters
- Absolutely: No entity, other than me, matters.114First, the nature of their experiences is unclear.115Second, their existence is unclear.116Third, there’s no absolute reason anyway; it’s a narrative concept.
- Essentially, “who matters” is a preference; all standards of selection are arbitrary.
- One major (historical) standard is association.117(Family, friends, colleagues, etc.)
- The tighter the association, the more they matter.
- ∴ It’s tightly linked to meaning118goals, purposes.
- One major standard is sympathy.
- Sympathy is a projection of experience.119“Putting yourself in someone else’s shoes”120This is why the animal cruelty people care about dogs, not mosquitos.
- ∴ It’s tightly linked to feelings.
- Morality is ultimately selfish; selfish acts are moral.
- Acting for the associated is acting for myself.121Since I regard them as the extension of myself.
- Acting in sympathy is acting for myself.122Because I’m trying to feel good.
5.1.7 Levels of Experience
- There are distinct ‘levels of experience'(consciousness):
- Unconscious (No experience)
- No Self(-Awareness)
- No Free Will (Ownership)
- Free Will
- The levels are arbitrary; some have the potential to be at the next level.123Thus, it’s physically nonsensical.
- It’s narratively sensical, because it makes distinctions in the desires & who matters.
5.1.8 Ultimate(ly Preferable) Desires
- Desires come from what matters.
- Nothing ‘absolutely’ matters; nothing “must” matter. But things do matter.
- What does matter depends on the ‘level of experience’:
- Unconscious → Nothing matters.
- Conscious → Pleasure matters.
- Conscious & Self → Peace(Pleasure) & Purpose matters.
- Conscious & Self & Free-Will → Intrigue(Purpose) matters.
- Fulfilling that which matters is the ultimate good, and that depends on the ‘level of experience’ of an entity.
5.1.9 Prioritized Entities
- Reality is a simulation; it (most certainly) exists for entertainment. HENCE,
- ↑ Level(of consciousness)124I’d rather experience being a human than a fly (because the experience is “fuller”) = ↑ Likelihood of a soul (experiencing the entity)125The experience of being an ant (probably) exists. However, there (probably) isn’t a ‘soul’ experiencing it.AND,
- In the case where someone “voluntarily” experiences the lower-level entity, “doing good” destroys the intended experience.126Part of “the deer experience” is being chased by the predators. THEREFORE,
- I have a strong justification to prefer optimizing for the highest-level entities: fellow humans.
5.2 Ethics (Society)
- Society is a group of people formed around a particular concept(s): lineage/geography/idea/etc.
- Society ⇋ Association127Society leads to association, association leads to society.
- Societies create synergetic benefits by scaling: markets/protection/etc.
- There are many societies.
- Society is fundamentally collectivist(groupist).128It’s found upon associations: attachments: people being part of each others’ identities.129It’s a group of people saying, “together, we are one.”130Society = Group, group is groupist.
- ∴ In ethics, the ultimate good is: fulfilling that which matters to a society.
- Ethics is a societal preference.
- For a society, at its largest scale131including every entity, at the most general level: The lowest common denominator for desire is pleasure.
- ∴ Maximizing pleasure, as a whole, is the …is the basic answer.
- However, most humans:
- A. Don’t have free will. AND,
- B. Have the potential for the “higher level of experience”.
- ∴ The ultimate good for a person is: A. Ownership(peace), then B. Intrigue.
- ∴ Society’s ultimate good is freedom (for as many as possible). Not independence. It’s inherently impossible(perhaps undesirable) for a society to bring independence to its members.
- Honor is the society’s reward for ethical acts:
- Adding value to society.
- Self-sacrifice132which strengthens association.
- Although, it’s based on the “perception” of ethical acts.133Even if I did something ethical, if the public perceives the act as unethical, I get no honor.
- Honor makes me socially acceptable.134It’s synonymous with “likability”.
- The better I am to society, the better society is to me.
- What matters most to a society is the uniting concept (not the individuals).
- ∵ Societies form around ideas.
- Without the concept, it falls apart.
- ∴ In order to maintain itself, a society must cast out the heretics135because they weaken association.
- Heresies are socially unacceptable.
5.2.6 The Value of Ethics
- Unlike morality136which is a direct preference, ethics indirectly affect me.137My actions help others, others’ actions help me.
- The more ethical society is the better society to live in.138“Small acts of kindness add up, and in the end may save the world.”
- In summary:
- There isn’t a direct incentive to act ethically. BUT,
- I like ethical people myself139because they benefit me). AND,
- Acting ethically is eventually beneficial(honor). THEREFORE,
- I’d rather act ethically than not.
5.3 In Practice
5.3.1 What’s Good, Literally
- Morality/ethics is embedded in daily life; it’s not necessarily about life & death.
- On a surface level, whatever you desire is morally good.140Beauty is a moral good, nice tasting food is a moral good, annoying music is a moral bad, etc.141Harm is whatever you don’t want, and is immoral (to you).
- On a surface level, whatever’s good for society(≈ other people) is ethically good.
5.3.2 On a Deeper Level
- What’s truly good: fulfilling true desires (depending on the ‘level of experience’).142Giving pleasure pills to an entity, who has free will, doesn’t serve what truly matters: intrigue.
- “Goodness” must be evaluated across the totality of life.143Smoking cigarettes brings pleasure(good) in the short term, but brings pain(bad) in the long term.144Taking present/future into consideration, and disregarding the past.
5.3.3 Morality Comes First
- Essentially, I don’t exist for society.145The individual is only part of society so long as it benefits himself.146My existence precedes society reality.
- To me, “what matters to me” is more important than “what matters to society”.
- ∴ If one has to be chosen over another, it’s morality.
- But, generally, it’s best to align morality & ethics.
- Justice is the “fairness” between morality & ethics.
- It’s collective morality.
- It’s what maximizes the moral/ethical good.147Both, if not, one. If one, with the least sacrifice of the other.
- Injustice creates conflict.
- At the end of the day, all that matters is the outcome(experience).
- Good/bad is a judgement of the outcome, not the process.148E.g. “Eating cake” isn’t (un)desirable; the “experience(mostly taste) of eating cake” is.149E.g. “Killing” isn’t (un)desirable; the “loss of life(potential good)” is.
- No action is good/bad, regardless of the outcome.150If an action produced good results, it was good.
- Deontology is a set of arbitrary standards used as substitutes for judgement.151Hence, the standards of which actions are good/bad has changed.152“Safety barrier against the lack of judgement”
- Long-term consequences of an action are near-impossible to predict.
- Even considering short-term consequences require intellectual effort.153Hence, primitive creatures have no sense of ethics.
- “Just don’t do x” is much more efficient154which is vital for survival.155More efficiency: many deontological rules are ingrained into intuitions. (For social creatures)
- Virtue is a pattern of behaviours that benefit others.156Hence, it’s praised socially.
- It’s an extension of deontology.157Virtuous acts are regarded as good, although they aren’t outcomes.
- Sympathy(caring about others) is particularly celebrated.158Because it connects morality(personal good) with ethics(societal good).159Given the subject is a member of the society. And it is, often so.
- In political discussions, the more sympathetic always has the ethical high ground.160When somebody attacks someone on Twitter, it’s mostly pointing out the lack of sympathy.
5.3.8 Solution to the Trolley Problem
- If the 1 person matters to me, pull the lever;
- If not, don’t pull the lever;
- If 1 is human, and 5 are chickens, pull the lever;
- If the chickens matter to me, don’t pull the lever;
- If 1 is conscious, and 5 are unconscious (that can’t recover), pull the lever.
5.4 Social Systems
- Law is a set of social contracts that (seek to) actualize justice.
- It’s based on the mutual agreement across all members of the society: “I acknowledge (what matters to) you.”
- It’s an extension of deontology, via force; law forces a minimum level of ethics upon members (of the society).
- Punishments are future-oriented acts of justice.161On their own, they’re unethical; they cause suffering.
- They exist to minimize unethical acts by creating moral consequences for them.162Main message: “there’s nothing to gain from this(unethical acts).”
- ∴ Intentions matter in determining punishments.163∵ If an act was unintended, punishments don’t reduce the chance of it reoccurring.AND,
- “A mistake is not something to be determined after the fact, but in the light of the information until that point.“
5.4.3 The Fundamental Obligation
- If I’m to participate in a society, I’m obligated to be at least a net-neutral (to the society).164In other words, give more than take.
- If the average member takes (more than gives), the system falls apart.165Society loses its purpose.
- It’s vital for a society to remove unethical entities.
5.4.4 Rights (& Welfare)
‘Rights’ are agreements: Every member of the society(group) “deserves” ‘x’, given ‘y’.
- Welfare(= “Human Rights”): Every member deserves ‘x’ just by being part of the society.166On the flip side, it means: Every member must “contribute” ‘z’.
- In a democratic system, ‘x’ is determined by consensus.167Democracy is a consensus mechanism for determining justice.
5.4.5 Determining Justice
- Larger society → More general(unspecific) unifying concept → Weaker association with other members of the society; I care less → Morality aligns less with ethics → Looser society
- “I am, at the Fed level, libertarian; at the state level, Republican; at the local level, Democrat; and at the family and friends level, a socialist.”168Not affiliated
- Thought: Looser societies require more force to keep themselves together.169Like a powerful concept.
- ∴ They don’t function well with collectivist approaches170also requiring more force.
*Click to fold
– 6.1.1 What’s Rationality?
– 6.1.2 Circumstance Awareness
– 6.1.3 Intellects
– 6.1.4 Abstractions
– 6.1.5 Contexts
– 6.1.6 Results
– 6.1.7 Knowledge of Irrationality
– 6.1.8 Rational Knowledge
– 6.1.9 Theory of Knowledge
6.1.1 What’s Rationality?
- Rationality is an approach to the processes/decisions that bring results.
- In a given condition & desired outcome;
- Rationality → Judgement171Rational process leads to good judgements.
6.1.2 Circumstance Awareness
- Rationality isn’t “following the heart” nor “following the head”.
- Rationality is being aware; understanding; It’s the opposite of “blindly” following anything.172This doesn’t mean “being realistic/idealistic”, which is irrational.
- It’s understanding “where am I” & “where I want to go”.
- There are 2 intellects: A. Unconscious(Intuition), AND B. Conscious(Reasoning)
- Emotion is circumstance/outcome, not intellect.
- They can be used independently/together–depending on the appropriateness.
- Every circumstance has many levels of abstraction.173E.g. I can look at the tree, or the forest, or the chlorophyll.
- Reduction vs. Abstraction
- Every circumstance has multiple contexts; I can think about the same circumstance in multiple ways.174E.g. A “failing company” isn’t just financially failing, but also politically/technologically failing.175E.g. A school isn’t just a place for education, but is also a place for daycare/propaganda/feeding/socialization.
- Many unsolved problems are framed in the wrong context.176E.g. Glasses didn’t have a production problem, they had a distribution(+monopoly) problem.177E.g. Peace
- Thinking across contexts opens new solutions to problems.178It’s “thinking outside the box.”179E.g. The solution to book sales could be “better book” not “better marketing”.180Bad example: XY problem
- The rationality of past decisions has to be evaluated based on the circumstance, not the outcome.[/mfn]“A mistake is not something to be determined after the fact, but in the light of the information until that point.”[/mfn]
- Although, fundamentally, rationality is about getting results.181“Rational way” ≈ “the way that gets results”.
- If a process consistently brings no results, it’s not rational.182Note: An act can be rational, independent of the actor.
- More Rational
6.1.7 Knowledge of Irrationality(Fallacy)
- Regardless of “if I process through multiple levels of abstractions & contexts”, if the intellect fails, it’s irrational.
- Knowledge of fallacies is useful for correcting faulty reasoning.
- Knowledge of biases is useful for correcting faulty intuitions.
- Contradictions of “things that used to be regarded as truths(correct)” are useful references of irrationality.
6.1.8 Rational Knowledge (Truths)
- Knowledge is the basis of all processes.183Information processing is impossible without information.
- If I have a lot of truth-based knowledge, it’s easier to have rational processes.
- The more objective(=falsifiable) knowledge is more likely to be true.184Politics promotes the exact opposite.
6.1.9 Theory of Knowledge
- A solid theory of knowledge is an effective foundation of all knowledge.
- It’s a guide for discerning if a piece of knowledge is true/false.
- The Beginning of Infinity
- Rationality comes from meta-reasoning.185In order to employ the right way, I must figure out (reason) the right way.
- Meta-reasoning isn’t reasoning about the actual task, but reasoning about the processing(reasoning) about the task(s).
- It has a separate set of requirements:
- With self-awareness, I can account for my strengths/weaknesses.186E.g. If I know that I’m biased towards one decision, I can account for it in my reasoning.187E.g. If I know that my intuition is better than reasoning in guessing people’s moods, I can follow that (instead of following less-effective rules).
- It means I have a clear evaluation of the effectiveness of my intellect188intuition AND/OR reasoningin particular circumstances.
- Clear Thinking
- If my head’s filled with junk, I can’t think straight.189Reasoning based on flawed knowledge & gaps in logic produces false conclusions.190Even intuition falters with a lot of untruths in the head.
- The “rational approach” is fundamentally anti-dogma—being “open-minded”.
- It means questioning everything: “Why? So what? Is it?“191The target is usually myself: “What am I saying? Am I repeating someone else’s words?”
- It’s having a no-filter view of reality:
- Having no conclusions(beliefs);
- Constantly discarding prejudices;
- Yet It May Still Be False
*Click to fold
7.1.1 What’s Money?
- Money is: A. Store of value, AND B. Medium of exchange.
- It satisfies the conditions much better than barter.
- A: Added consistency & permanence
- B: Added efficiency & portability
- Unlike assets, it doesn’t inherently have/produce value.192Cash doesn’t catch fish; fishing rod does.
- Money-making is:
- The money-value of something (to a given person) is whatever the person is willing to pay for it.
- Value = Fulfills desire(s)
- ∴ Money-value is a measure of desire.
- Hence, money-value is face-value193fulfilling immediate desires, not intrinsic-value194fulfilling ultimate desires.
- Just because you’re willing to pay 100 for ‘x’ doesn’t mean it makes your overall life 100 better.195Remember: evaluation must happen across the whole timespan, not just the immediate.
- For (most) people, peace is the ultimate desire.
- The path to true-peace is ownership. However, most of ownership can’t be bought.
- ∴ (Morally & Ethically) Providing freedom is the most valuable, applicable, service.196For most people.
- For those without peace, intrigue is only optional.
- For those with ownership, intrigue is the ultimate desire.197The desire for intrigue grows with more peace.
- ∴ Providing intrigue is the most valuable service.198Given: peace
7.1.5 Almost Unmeasurable: Time
- “Life itself”199survivalis worth ~∞.200In my deathbed, I’m willing to pay $∞ to live another day.201Given: it’s a positive experience; if life is net-negative, I’m willing to pay $∞ to die ASAP.202Enough pain is worth more than survival.
- “Extra life”203time isn’t worth ~∞, because paying for it comes at the cost of today(time).
- Basically, my time is worth my timely(hourly) rate; my time is worth as much as the amount of value I can produce in that time.204E.i. If I buy 5 life-hours for $5, but it takes >5 hours to make $5, it’s a losing deal.
- However, with financial freedom, time is worth ~∞.205I don’t need to recover the money spent.
- 1 life is worth as much as the cost to save 1 life. AND/OR,
- A life is worth as much as it can contribute to the society.2061 doctor (who can save more lives) is worth more than 1 teacher, ethically.
- In the short-term: Cost(Expectations)207A person pays by the expectations. – Value = Ethical-ness
- Wealth creation is ethical; wealth capture is unethical.
- Generally, a person will pay no less than the value of the service.
- ∴ Money-making is ethical.208because it is net-giving
- Stealing money is moral NOT ethical.
- If a certain product(service) already exists, creating the same product doesn’t add as much value.209Note: all goods are services.210E.g. Going from “no-phone” to “phone” changes my life completely; having “1 phone option” to “2 phone options” isn’t as life-changing.211E.g. The second person who discovers a physics law.
- ∴ “Zero-to-one” services212things that haven’t yet existedare the best; it’s ethical AND moral.
- Similar products are replaceable → competition
- Competition eliminates profits(value capture), which is ethical NOT moral.